The Rands are one of the three races on the planet known as Caledonia/ Avidon and Rand.
The race is in a state of war against its neighbouring races, the Avidons and the Caledonians.
The Rands believed the Stargate to be a historical artefact, and had it placed as the centre of their museum. However, when SG1 came through it, they were surprised and realised its importance.
However SG1's arrival also sparked a civil war against its neighbouring nations and races. SG1 however managed to bring the peace again and secure the Rand continent from the Avidans.